Node.js v16.1.0 documentation

Table of contents

Modules: module API#

The Module object#

Provides general utility methods when interacting with instances of Module, the module variable often seen in CommonJS modules. Accessed via import 'module' or require('module').


A list of the names of all modules provided by Node.js. Can be used to verify if a module is maintained by a third party or not.

module in this context isn't the same object that's provided by the module wrapper. To access it, require the Module module:

// module.mjs
// In an ECMAScript module
import { builtinModules as builtin } from 'module';// module.cjs
// In a CommonJS module
const builtin = require('module').builtinModules;


  • filename <string> | <URL> Filename to be used to construct the require function. Must be a file URL object, file URL string, or absolute path string.
  • Returns: <require> Require function
import { createRequire } from 'module';
const require = createRequire(import.meta.url);

// sibling-module.js is a CommonJS module.
const siblingModule = require('./sibling-module');


The module.syncBuiltinESMExports() method updates all the live bindings for builtin ES Modules to match the properties of the CommonJS exports. It does not add or remove exported names from the ES Modules.

const fs = require('fs');
const assert = require('assert');
const { syncBuiltinESMExports } = require('module');

fs.readFile = newAPI;

delete fs.readFileSync;

function newAPI() {
  // ...

fs.newAPI = newAPI;


import('fs').then((esmFS) => {
  // It syncs the existing readFile property with the new value
  assert.strictEqual(esmFS.readFile, newAPI);
  // readFileSync has been deleted from the required fs
  assert.strictEqual('readFileSync' in fs, false);
  // syncBuiltinESMExports() does not remove readFileSync from esmFS
  assert.strictEqual('readFileSync' in esmFS, true);
  // syncBuiltinESMExports() does not add names
  assert.strictEqual(esmFS.newAPI, undefined);

Source map v3 support#

Stability: 1 - Experimental

Helpers for interacting with the source map cache. This cache is populated when source map parsing is enabled and source map include directives are found in a modules' footer.

To enable source map parsing, Node.js must be run with the flag --enable-source-maps, or with code coverage enabled by setting NODE_V8_COVERAGE=dir.

// module.mjs
// In an ECMAScript module
import { findSourceMap, SourceMap } from 'module';// module.cjs
// In a CommonJS module
const { findSourceMap, SourceMap } = require('module');


path is the resolved path for the file for which a corresponding source map should be fetched.

Class: module.SourceMap#

new SourceMap(payload)#

Creates a new sourceMap instance.

payload is an object with keys matching the Source map v3 format:


Getter for the payload used to construct the SourceMap instance.

sourceMap.findEntry(lineNumber, columnNumber)#

Given a line number and column number in the generated source file, returns an object representing the position in the original file. The object returned consists of the following keys: